HUMAN RECOMBINANT CXCR1 RECEPTOR
MULTISCREEN™ DIVISION ARRESTED CELL LINE
1 vial (4 x 106) frozen cells
Sigma Freezing Medium (C-6164)
Expression vector containing full-length human CXCR1 cDNA (GenBank Accession Number NM_000634.2) with FLAG tag sequence at N-terminus
Liquid nitrogen upon receiving
Propagation Medium: DMEM, 10% FBS
Stable for 1-2 days after thawing
Background: CXCR1 is a high affinity interleukin-8 receptor (IL-8RA). Binding of IL-8 to the receptor causes activation of neutrophils. Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory lung diseases, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma. Antagonists of CXCR1 may block in vivo trafficking of neutrophils, suggesting that antagonism of IL-8 at the receptor level is a viable therapeutic strategy.
The Multispan HEK-CXCR1 cell line expresses IL8RA cDNA that is identical to GenBank NM_000634.2 except for 2 missense mutations, Met → Arg at position 31 and Arg → Cys at position 335. Both have been reported to be natural variants.
Application: Functional assays
Figure 1. Dose-dependent stimulation of calcium flux upon treatment with ligand, monitored with FlexStation. Cells were transiently transfected with Gαqi5 before division arrest.
Pease and Sabroe (2002) The role of interleukin-8 and its receptors in inflammatory lung disease: implications for therapy. Am J Respir Med 1:19-25.
Varney et al. (2003) Expression of CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors in malignant melanoma with different metastatic potential and their role in interleukin-8 (CXCL-8)-mediated modulation of metastatic phenotype. Clin Exp Metastasis 20:723-731.